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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

TORPEDO SHIPS

"Z" and "Ca" destroyers (1944 - 1945)

Zest 1945

nearly sister-ship Relentless 1967 as Type 15

Cambrian 1963

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
"Z" group
Myngs R06, 1948- D06 53 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 5/1942 31/5/1943 6/1944 to Egypt 5/1955 (قاهر  [El Qaher])
Zambesi R66, 1948- D66 1117 Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 12/1942 21/11/1943 12/1944 BU 2/1959
Zealous R39, 1948- D39 1118 Cammell Laird, Birkenhead 5/1942 28/2/1944 10/1944 to Israel 7/1956 (אֵילַת [Eilath])
Zebra (ex-Wakeful) R81, 1948- D81 1372 Denny, Dumbarton 5/1942 8/3/1944 10/1944 BU 2/1959
Zenith (ex-Wessex) R95, 1948- D95 1373 Denny, Dumbarton 5/1942 5/6/1944 12/1944 to Egypt 5/1955 (الفاتح [El Fateh])
Zephyr R19, 1948- D19 54 Vickers-Armstrong, Tyne 7/1942 15/7/1943 9/1944 BU 7/1958
Zest R02, 1948- D102, 1956- F102 4034 Thornycroft, Woolston 7/1942 14/10/1943 7/1944 BU 8/1970
Zodiac R54, 1948- D54 4035 Thornycroft, Woolston 11/1942 11/3/1944 10/1944 to Israel 7/1956 (יָפוֹ [Yaffa])
"Ca" group
Cavendish (ex-Sibyl) R15, 1948- D15 606 John Brown, Clydebank 5/1943 12/4/1944 3/1945 BU 8/1967
Caesar (ex-Ranger) R07, 1948- D07 605 John Brown, Clydebank 4/1942 14/2/1944 10/1944 BU 1/1967
Cambrian (ex-Spitfire) R85, 1948- D85 614 Scotts, Greenock 8/1942 10/12/1943 7/1944 BU 9/1971
Caprice (ex-Swallow) D01, R01, 1948- D01 1810 Yarrow, Scotstoun 9/1942 16/9/1943 4/1944 BU 11/1979
Carron (ex-Strenuous) R30, 1948- D30 615 Scotts, Greenock 11/1942 28/3/1944 11/1944 hulked 1960, BU 4/1967
Carysfort (ex-Pique) R25, 1948- D25 1929 White, Cowes 5/1943 25/7/1944 2/1945 BU 10/1970
Cassandra (ex-Tourmaline) R62, 1948- D10 1811 Yarrow, Scotstoun 1/1943 29/11/1943 7/1944 BU 4/1967
Cavalier (ex-Pellew) R73, 1948- D73 1928 White, Cowes 2/1943 7/4/1944 11/1944 preserved 10/1977

 

Data variant as completed

Displacement standard, t

1710 - 1730 nominal

Displacement full, t

2510 - 2575

Length, m

103.5 pp 110.6 oa

Breadth, m

10.9

Draught, m

4.34 - 4.42

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

40000

Max speed, kn

36.75

Fuel, t

oil 588

Endurance, nm(kts) 4675(20)

Armament

4 x 1 - 114/45 QF Mk IV, 1 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors Mk VIII/IX, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV,  2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (70 - 130 DC)

Zambesi, Cavendish: 4 x 1 - 114/45 QF Mk IV, 1 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors Mk VIII/IX, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (70 - 130 DC)

Caprice: 4 x 1 - 114/45 QF Mk IV, 1 x 4 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (70 - 130 DC)

Caesar: 4 x 1 - 114/45 QF Mk IV, 1 x 2 - 40/56 Bofors Mk VIII/IX, 1 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk I/III, 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (70 - 130 DC)

Sensors

type 275, type 291, type 293 radars, type 144Q sonar

Complement

186 - 222

Project history: "Z" and "" classes were designed on the sample of destroyers of "S" class with new 114mm main guns (the pre-production sample was tested on Savage). For topweight reduction two twin Oerlikons were replaced by single. It was planed to equip these ships with a new DP fire  control system but this system was not ready to the moment of destroyers completing yet.

Letters of the English alphabet were out on "Z" class and ships of following class originally have been named casual enough, but already after the order they changed on beginning with a combination of letters "a".

Modernizations: 1945, Myngs: - 2 x 2 - 20/70; + 1 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III, 2 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

1945, Zenith, Zephyr, Cavalier: - 2 x 2 - 20/70, 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 4 x 1 - 40/56 Bofors Mk III

1945, Caprice: - 4 x 2 - 20/70; + 4 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk VIII

1945, Cambrian: - 2 x 1 - 20/70; + 2 x 2 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1/1946, Myngs:  4 x 1 - 114/45 Mk V, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk IV Hazemeyer, 1 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III, 2 x 1 - 40/39 Mk VIII, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III,  2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (130), type 262, type 275, type 291, type 293 radars, type 144Q sonar

1/1946, Zambesi, Zealous, Zebra, Zest, Zodiac: 4 x 1 - 114/45 Mk V, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk IV Hazemeyer, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III,  2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (130), type 262, type 275, type 291, type 293 radars, type 144Q sonar

1/1946, Zenith, Zephyr: 4 x 1 - 114/45 Mk V, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk IV Hazemeyer, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III,  2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (130), type 262, type 275, type 291, type 293 radars, type 144Q sonar

1/1946, Zambesi: 4 x 1 - 114/45 Mk V, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk IV Hazemeyer, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (130), type 262, type 275, type 291, type 293 radars, type 144Q sonar

1/1946, Cavendish:  4 x 1 - 114/45 Mk V, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk IV Hazemeyer, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (130), type 262, type 275, type 291, type 293 radars, type 144Q sonar

1/1946, Caesar: 4 x 1 - 114/45 Mk V, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk IV Hazemeyer, 1 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III, 2 x 1 - 40/39 Mk VIII, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (130), type 262, type 262, type 275, type 291, type 293 radars, type 144Q sonar

1/1946, Carron, Carysfort, Cassandra: 4 x 1 - 114/45 Mk V, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk IV Hazemeyer, 2 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V, 2 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III,  2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (130), type 262, type 275, type 291, type 293 radars, type 144Q sonar

1/1946, Cambrian:  4 x 1 - 114/45 Mk V, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk IV Hazemeyer, 4 x 2 - 20/70 Mk V,  2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (130), type 262, type 275, type 291, type 293 radars, type 144Q sonar

1/1946, Cavalier:  4 x 1 - 114/45 Mk V, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk IV Hazemeyer, 4 x 1 - 40/60 Mk III,  2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (130), type 262, type 275, type 291, type 293 radars, type 144Q sonar

1/1946, Caprice: 4 x 1 - 114/45 Mk V, 1 x 4 - 40/39 Mk VII, 4 x 1 - 40/39 Mk VIII, 2 x 4 - 533 TT, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (130), type 262, type 275, type 291, type 293 radars, type 144Q sonar

1956, Zest was converted to type 15 frigate. She has taken fully new silhouette, forecastle was enlarged and new aluminium alloy superstructure fitted.

Data variant Type 15

Displacement standard, t

2240

Displacement full, t

2850

Length, m

103.5 pp 109.2 oa

Breadth, m

10.9

Draught, m

4.20 - 4.30

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

40000

Max speed, kn

36.75

Endurance, nm (kts)

3000 (20) (with 476t of oil)

Armament

1 x 2 - 102/45 Mk 19, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 5, 2 x 3 - 305 Limbo Mk 10 ASWRL

Sensors

type 278, type 262, type 293 radars, type 170, type 174 sonars, UA-3 ECM suite

Complement

195

 

1953 - 1961, all the "Ca" class ships were modernized as given in the table.

 

Data variant Ca class, 1953-61 modernization

Displacement standard, t

1964 - 2053

Displacement full, t

2675

Length, m

103.5 pp 110.6 oa

Breadth, m

10.9

Draught, m

4.30 - 4.40 deep load

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 2 Admiralty 3-drum boilers

Power, h. p.

40000

Max speed, kn

36.75

Endurance, nm (kts)

2800 (20)

Armament

3 x 1 - 114/45 Mk 5, 1 x 2 - 40/60 Mk 5, 2 x 1 - 40/60 Mk 9, 1 x 4 - 533 TT, 2 x 3 - 305 Squid Mk 4 ASWRL

Sensors

type 275, type 293P or type 293Q, type 978/974, type 944 radars, type 147B, type 174P sonars, UA-3 ECM suite

Complement

192 peace, 264 war

late 1950s, Carron: converted to TS, 1 x 1 - 114/45 gun was removed

1966, Cassandra, Cavalier: - 1 x 2 - 40/60; + 1 x 4 Sea Cat GWS20 SAM launcher

Naval service: Zephyr in December, 1944 was damaged on a mine and repaired till April, 1945. Cassandra 11/12/1944 was badly damaged by a torpedo from German submarine U365 (the fore end by a length nearby 9m was broken off), repair lasted till June, 1945. Cavalier is preserved as memorial ship on Tyne.

Many thanks to Borys Estrin for additional information on this page.

Cavalier 1979

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15