home

fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

TORPEDO SHIPS

"S" destroyers (1918-1924)

Sardonyx 1919

Thracian 1939

Name No Yard No Builder Laid down Launched Comp Fate
1st order (4/1917), Admiralty design
Simoom G44   John Brown, Clydebank 5/1917 26/1/1918 3/1918 BU 1/1931
Scimitar G41, H21   John Brown, Clydebank 5/1917 27/2/1918 4/1918 BU 6/1947
Tribune F9A   White, Cowes 8/1917 28/3/1918 7/1918 BU 12/1931
Scotsman G30   John Brown, Clydebank 12/1917 30/3/1918 6/1918 BU 7/1937
Senator G36, D44   Denny, Dumbarton 8/1917 2/4/1918 6/1918 BU 9/1936
Trinidad G38   White, Cowes 9/1917 8/4/1918 9/1918 BU 3/1932
Shark FA1   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 1917 9/4/1918 7/1918 BU 2/1931
Scout G35, H51   John Brown, Clydebank 10/1917 27/4/1918 6/1918 BU 3/1946
Sikh H94, D68   Fairfield, Govan 1917 7/5/1918 6/1918 BU 7/1927
Sparrowhawk G53   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 1917 14/5/1918 9/1918 BU 2/1931
Sepoy G26   Denny, Dumbarton 8/1917 22/5/1918 8/1918 BU 7/1932
Success (6/1919- RAN) F1A   Doxford, Pallion 1918 29/6/1918 4/1919 BU 6/1937
Sirdar G27   Fairfield, Govan 1917 6/7/1918 9/1918 BU 5/1934
Seraph G60   Denny, Dumbarton 10/1917 8/7/1918 12/1918 BU 5/1934
Splendid G57   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 1917 10/7/1918 10/1918 BU 1/1931
Swallow F73   Scotts, Greenock 1917 1/8/1918 9/1918 BU 9/1936
Steadfast F99   Palmers, Jarrow 1918 8/8/1918 3/1919 BU 7/1934
Shamrock F50   Doxford, Pallion 1918 26/8/1918 1919 BU 11/1936
Somme G52   Fairfield, Govan 1917 10/9/1918 11/1918 BU 8/1932
Sabre G56, H18   A. Stephens, Linthouse 9/1917 23/9/1918 11/1918 BU 11/1945
Sterling (ex-Stirling) FA3   Palmers, Jarrow 1918 8/10/1918 3/1919 BU 8/1932
Swordsman (6/1919- RAN) F3A   Scotts, Greenock 1918 28/12/1918 3/1919 BU 6/1937
Saladin F0A, H54   A. Stephens, Linthouse 9/1917 17/2/1919 4/1919 BU 6/1947
Shikari D85   Doxford, Pallion / Chatham DYd 1/1918 14/7/1919 3/1924 BU 11/1945
Thornycroft specials
Speedy G35   Thornycroft, Woolston 5/1917 1/6/1918 8/1918 collision 24/9/1922
Tobago G61   Thornycroft, Woolston 7/1917 15/7/1918 10/1918 CTL 12/11/1920, BU 2/1922
Yarrow specials
Torch G33   Yarrow, Scotstoun 4/1917 16/3/1918 5/1918 BU 11/1929
Tomahawk G34   Yarrow, Scotstoun 4/1917 11/5/1918 7/1918 BU 6/1928
Tryphon G42   Yarrow, Scotstoun 4/1917 22/6/1918 9/1918 ran aground 4/5/1919, BU 9/1920
Tumult G58   Yarrow, Scotstoun 6/1917 17/9/1918 12/1918 BU 10/1928
Turquoise G22   Yarrow, Scotstoun 6/1917 9/11/1918 3/1919 BU 1/1932
Tuscan FA5   Yarrow, Scotstoun 6/1917 1/3/1919 6/1919 BU 8/1932
Tyrian D84   Yarrow, Scotstoun 6/1917 2/7/1919 1919 BU 2/1930
2nd order (6/1917), Admiralty design
Scythe G32   John Brown, Clydebank 1/1918 25/4/1918 7/1918 BU 11/1931
Tilbury G37   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 1917 3/6/1918 9/1918 BU 2/1931
Seabear G29   John Brown, Clydebank 12/1917 6/7/1918 9/1918 BU 2/1931
Trojan G66   White, Cowes 1/1918 20/7/1918 12/1918 BU 9/1936
Tactician G54   Beardmore, Dalmuir 11/1917 7/8/1918 10/1918 BU 2/1931
Tintagel G51   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 1917 9/8/1918 12/1918 BU 3/1932
Seafire G68   John Brown, Clydebank 2/1917 10/8/1918 11/1918 BU 9/1936
Searcher G72   John Brown, Clydebank 3/1917 11/9/1918 11/1918 BU 3/1938
Serapis F21   Denny, Dumbarton 12/1917 17/9/1918 3/1919 BU 1/1934
Truant G23   White, Cowes 2/1918 18/9/1918 3/1919 BU 11/1931
Sportive G48   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 1917 19/9/1918 12/1918 BU 9/1936
Tara G62   Beardmore, Dalmuir 11/1917 12/10/1918 12/1918 BU 12/1931
Tenedos FA4, H04   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 12/1917 21/10/1918 6/1919 sunk 5/4/1942
Stalwart (6/1919- RAN) F4A   Swan Hunter, Wallsend 4/1918 23/10/1918 12/1918 BU 6/1937
Seawolf G47   John Brown, Clydebank 4/1918 2/11/1918 1/1919 BU 2/1931
Thanet G24, H29   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 12/1917 5/11/1918 8/1919 sunk 27/1/1942
Trusty FA2   White, Cowes 4/1918 6/11/1918 5/1919 BU 9/1936
Spear G55   Fairfield, Govan 1917 9/11/1918 12/1918 BU 7/1926
Strenuous G64   Scotts, Greenock 1918 9/11/1918 1/1919 BU 8/1932
Tasmania (6/1919- RAN) G97   Beardmore, Dalmuir 12/1917 22/11/1918 1/1919 BU 6/1937
Serene F7A   Denny, Dumbarton 2/1918 30/11/1918 4/1919 BU 9/1936
Tattoo (6/1919- RAN) F2A   Beardmore, Dalmuir 12/1917 28/12/1918 1/1919 BU 1/1937
Sesame F5A   Denny, Dumbarton 3/1918 30/12/1918 3/1919 BU 5/1934
Spindrift G21   Fairfield, Govan 1918 30/12/1918 4/1919 BU 7/1936
Stonehenge G09   Palmers, Jarrow 1918 19/3/1919 9/1919 wrecked 6/11/1920
Stronghold FA8, H50   Scotts, Greenock 3/1918 6/5/1919 7/1919 sunk 4/3/1942
Sardonyx F34, H26   A. Stephens, Linthouse 3/1918 27/5/1919 7/1919 BU 10/1945
Turbulent F55, D92   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 11/1917 29/5/1919 1919 BU 8/1936
Stormcloud D89   Palmers, Jarrow 1918 30/5/1919 12/1919 BU 7/1934
Sturdy F96, H28   Scotts, Greenock 3/1918 26/6/1919 10/1919 wrecked 30/10/1940
Thracian GA4, D86   Hawthorn Leslie, Hebburn 1/1918 5/3/1920 4/1922 wrecked 16/12/1941, later Japanese 第101号哨戒艇 <101-go>
Saturn     A. Stephens, Linthouse 1918 --- --- cancelled 1919
Sycamore     A. Stephens, Linthouse 1918 --- --- cancelled 1919
Thornycroft specials
Toreador, 3/1928- Vancouver (3/1928- RCN) F6A   Thornycroft, Woolston 11/1917 7/12/1918 4/1919 BU 1937
Torbay, 3/1928- Champlain (3/1928- RCN) F35   Thornycroft, Woolston 11/1917 6/3/1919 7/1919 BU 1937
Tourmaline D83   Thornycroft, Woolston 1/1918 12/4/1919 12/1919 BU 11/1931

 

Displacement normal, t

Admiralty design: 1075

Thornycroft specials: 1087

Yarrow specials: 930

Displacement full, t

Admiralty design: 1225

Thornycroft specials: 1240

Yarrow specials: 1060

Length, m

Admiralty design, Thornycroft specials: 84.1

Yarrow specials: 83.4

Breadth, m

Admiralty design: 8.16

Thornycroft specials: 8.34

Yarrow specials: 7.82

Draught, m

Admiralty design: 2.75

Thornycroft specials: 3.20

Yarrow specials: 3.05

No of shafts

2

Machinery

2 sets Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Steadfast, Sterling, Stonehenge, Stormcloud, Tilbury, Tintagel, Strenuous, Torch, Tomahawk, Tumult, Turquoise, Tuscan, Tyrian: 2 sets Parsons geared steam turbines, 3 Yarrow boilers

Tribune, Trinidad, Trojan, Truant, Trusty: 2 sets Brown-Curtis geared steam turbines, 3 White-Forster boilers

Power, h. p.

27000

Max speed, kts

36

Fuel, t

oil 301

Endurance, nm(kts)

2750(15)

Armament

early Admiralty design: 3 x 1 - 102/40 QF Mk IV, 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 2 - 533 TT, 2 x 1 - 450 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR

later Admiralty design, Yarrow specials: 3 x 1 - 102/40 QF Mk IV, 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 2 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR

Thornycroft specials: 3 x 1 - 102/40 QF Mk IV, 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 2 - 533 TT, 2 x 1 - 450 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR

Senator: 3 x 1 - 102/40 QF Mk IV, 1 x 1 - 40/39 2pdr QF Mk II, 2 x 2 - 533 TT, 2 DCT, 1 DCR, 1 airplane (Pup), flying-off platform

Complement

90

Project history: When it was realised that reports of new German destroyer armaments had been exaggerated the Controller suggested in February 1917 that destroyer construction should revert to Modified 'R' class. They would be cheaper, faster to build, and 2kts faster. Several improvements were incorporated after consultation with Captains (D) and the various Commands. These included the provision of more TT, a 'trawler' bow or sharply sheered forecastle and a turtleback forecastle. The original proposal for the 450mm TT was for single fixed tubes firing 'cold' torpedoes, but the Admiralty design was given training tubes, which meant that the forecastle plating had to be cut away to allow the tube to train. This made the boats very wet, for the open forecastle permitted spray to be thrown up over the bridge. In the Thornycroft design two tubes were fixed athwartships, firing through a narrow aperture, so the problem was avoided. The torpedoes were fired by the CO, who carried two trailing leads in his pockets, permitting him to fire at targets of opportunity. The Thornycroft boats also carried the forecastle gun on a raised platform, further improving seakeeping. As weight was critical in the Admiralty design it was soon realised that the weight of the single 450mm TT was too much, and the later boats were completed without them, to permit the heavier Mk.V 533mm torpedoes to be carried in the midships TT. In June 1918 Senator was fitted with an aircraft platform aft, allowing an aircraft to takeoff when the destroyer went full speed astern.
    Orders were placed for 24 boats in April 1917, followed by 33 more in June, but Saturn and Sycamore were cancelled in 1919. Only 19 were completed by the Armistice. The class were completed from April 1918 to October 1919 apart from Shikari and Thracian.

Modernizations: 1919, Senator: - flying-off platform and plane

1930s, many survived: + type 124 or type 127 sonar

1938-1939, Stronghold, Sturdy, Thracian: - 1 x 1 - 102/40, 2 x 2 - 533 TT; + rails for 40 mines

late 1939, Scimitar: magnetic sweeps were tested (temporarily, to early 1940)

late 1940-early 1941, Sabre, Saladin, Shikari, Sardonyx, Scimitar, Scout: - 2 x 1 - 102/40, 1 x 1 - 40/39, 2 x 2 - 533 TT; + 1 x 1 - 76/40 12pdr 12cwt QF Mk I/II/V, 2 x 4 - 12.7/62, 6 DCT, 1 DCR (70 DCs totally)

late 1941-early 1942, Sabre, Saladin, Shikari, Sardonyx, Scimitar, Scout: - 2 x 4 - 12.7/62; + 4 x 1 - 20/70 Oerlikon Mk II/IV

1941-1942, most survived: + type 286 radar

1942-1943, Shikari: + type 271 radar

late 1942-early 1943, Sabre, Saladin, Sardonyx: - 4 DCT; full displacement was 1400t

late 1942-early 1943, Shikari: - 1 x 1 - 76/40, 4 DCT (40 DCT totally); full displacement was 1385t

1943 - 1944, many survived: - type 286 radar; + type 291 radar

1/1946, Scimitar: 1 x 1 - 102/40 CP Mk III, 1 x 1 - 76/40 HA/LA Mk IX, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 8 DCT, 2 DCR (70), type 291 radar, type 124 or type 127 sonar

1/1946, Scout: 1 x 1 - 102/40 CP Mk III, 1 x 1 - 76/40 HA/LA Mk IX, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 8 DCT, 2 DCR (70), type 124 or type 127 sonar

1/1946, Saladin: 1 x 1 - 102/40 CP Mk III, 1 x 1 - 76/40 HA/LA Mk IX, 4 x 1 - 20/70 Mk III, 4 DCT, 2 DCR (70), type 124 or type 127 sonar

 

Naval service: Speedy collided with merchant vessel in Sea of Marmara 24/9/1922. Tobago was stricken by Russian mine in Black sea 12/11/1920 and written off as constructive total loss. Tryphon stranded in Mediterranean 4/5/1919, declared as CTL and sold for scrap on Malta in September, 1920. Stonehendge wrecked near Smyrna 6/11/1920. Sturdy 30/10/1940 wrecked on rocks W of Scotland when escorting convoy. Thracian 24/12/1941 was badly damaged by Japanese aircraft at Hong Kong, ran aground, soon captured by enemy. Subsequently she was repaired commissioned by Japanese Navy 25/11/1942 as "Patrol No101". In September, 1945 she was returned to Britain but not entered Fleet list and handed over on BU. Thanet was sunk by Japanese cruisers Sendai and Yubari and destroyers Asagiri and Fubuki 27/1/1942 at coast of Malaya. Stronghold was sunk by Japanese cruiser Maya and destroyers Arashi and Nowake S of Java 2/3/1942. Tenedos was sunk by Japanese carrier bombers D3A1 at Colombo 5/4/1942.

Tilbury

Speedy

Ivan Gogin, 2008-15