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ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

CAPITAL SHIPS & MONITORS

ROYAL OAK wooden broadside ironclad (1863)

 

similar Ocean 1868

 

Name

No

Yard No

Builder

Laid down

Launched

Comp

Fate

Royal Oak     Chatham DYd 1/5/1860 10/9/1862 28/5/1863 sold 9/1885

 

Displacement normal, t

6366

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

83.2 pp

Breadth, m

17.8

Draught, m

7.31 hold depth

No of shafts

1

Machinery

sails + 1 2-cyl HSE, return connection rod, 6 rectangular boilers

Power, h. p.

3708

Max speed, kts

12.5

Fuel, t

coal 550

Endurance, nm(kts) 2200(5)
Armour, mm iron; belt: 114-63 with 711mm oak backing

Armament

11 x 1 - 183/17 110pdr 82cwt BL, 24 x 1 - 206/15 68pdr 95cwt SBML

Complement

585

Ship project history: First British wooden-hulled ironclad, laid down as 91-gun ship of the line, conversion to 36-gun ironclad was approved 14/5/1861. She was raised by one deck and lengthened on the stocks by 6.4m to accommodate new armament on one deck, original bow aand stern were modified to ironclad form with a straight stem and rounded stern. Designed for 36 68pdr SBML guns, she was completed with BL and SBML mix. As completed Royal Oak was barque-rigged with 2320m² sail area. In 1866 she was converted to ship rig. Topgallant forecastle was added in 1867.

Ship protection: Side armour was extended to the full length of the ship, being 114mm amidships and 63mm at the ends. The hull behind the armour was of 711mm thick oak.

Modernizations: 1867: rearmed with 4 x 1 - 203/15 MLR Mk III, 20 x 1 - 178/16 MLR Mk III

Naval service: Royal Oak was laid up in 1871.

Royal Oak 1866

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