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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

CAPITAL SHIPS & MONITORS

PRINCE CONSORT wooden broadside ironclads (1864-1866)

 

Ocean 1868

 

Name

No

Yard No

Builder

Laid down

Launched

Comp

Fate

Prince Consort     Pembroke DYd 13/8/1860 26/6/1862 6/2/1864 sold 3/1882
Ocean     Devonport DYd 23/8/1860 19/3/1863 6/9/1866 sold 5/1882
Caledonia     Woolwich DYd 1/10/1860 24/10/1862 6/7/1865 sold 9/1886

 

Displacement normal, t

Prince Consort: 6430

Ocean: 6535

Caledonia: 6753

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

83.2 pp

Breadth, m

Prince Consort: 17.9

Ocean: 17.8

Caledonia: 18.0

Draught, m

7.31 hold depth

No of shafts

1

Machinery

Prince Consort: sails + 1 2-cyl HSE, return connection rod, 8 rectangular boilers

Ocean, Caledonia: sails + 1 2-cyl HSE, return connection rod, double piston rods, 8 rectangular boilers

Power, h. p.

Prince Consort: 4234

Ocean: 4244

Caledonia: 4092

Max speed, kts

Prince Consort: 13.1

Ocean, Caledonia: 12.9

Fuel, t

coal 550

Endurance, nm(kts) 2200(5)
Armour, mm iron; belt: 114-76 with 749mm oak backing

Armament

Prince Consort: 7 x 1 - 183/17 110pdr 82cwt BL, 8 x 1 - 241/15 'Somerset' 100pdr SBML, 16 x 1 - 206/15 68pdr 95cwt SBML

Ocean: 24 x 1 - 178/16 MLR Mk III

Caledonia: 10 x 1 - 183/17 110pdr 82cwt BL, 8 x 1 - 241/15 'Somerset' 100pdr SBML, 12 x 1 - 206/15 68pdr 95cwt SBML

Complement

605

Ship project history: Laid down as 91-gun 2nd rates, these ships were approved to be converted to ironclad frigates in 1861. Half-sisters to Royal Oak and had similar conversion except for the provision of increased machinery power to secure greater speed. They were unsuccessful because the extra weight of the machinery cancelled the advantages of the extra power. Ships were barque-rigged on completion and were converted to ship rig in 1866. All made 10-12kts under sails only. They rolled excessively because of the high level of stability but handled well under sail and steam.

Ship protection: Side armour was extended to the full length of the ship, being 114mm amidships and 76mm at the ends. The hull behind the armour was of 749mm thick oak.

Modernizations: 1867, all: rearmed with 4 x 1 - 203/15 MLR Mk III, 20 x 1 - 178/16 MLR Mk III

Naval service: No significant events.

Caledonia

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