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fighting ships of the world

ROYAL NAVY (UNITED KINGDOM)

CAPITAL SHIPS & MONITORS

TEMERAIRE central battery / barbette ironclad (1877)

Temeraire 1878

 

Name

No

Yard No

Builder

Laid down

Launched

Comp

Fate

Temeraire     Chatham DYd 18/8/1873 9/5/1876 31/8/1877 harbour vessel 1902

 

Displacement normal, t

8540

Displacement full, t

 

Length, m

86.9 pp

Breadth, m

18.9

Draught, m

8.23

No of shafts

2

Machinery

sails + 2 2-cyl IVC, 12 cylindrical boilers

Power, h. p.

7697

Max speed, kts

14.7

Fuel, t

coal 620

Endurance, nm(kts)

2680(10)

Armour, mm

iron; belt: 279 - 140 with 305 - 254mm wood backing, battery: 203, bulkheads: 203 - 127, barbettes: 254 - 203, deck: 38 - 25

Armament

4 x 1 - 279/12 MLR Mk II, 4 x 1 - 254/15 MLR Mk I/II, 4 x 1 - 100/21 20pdr 16cwt BL (saluting), 2 - 356 TC

Complement

580

Ship project history: Hybrid ship, having central battery and two 279mm guns in barbettes at ship ends. Guns were mounted on Moncrieff disappearing mountings of the type originally designed for land fortifications. The gun was loaded behind armour then raised to fire over the lip of the barbette, the recoil returning it to the loading position. This had the advantage of giving improved protection to the gun and crew, compared with the standard barbette in which the gun was always visible. The system was successful but expensive in weight and space and was never repeated. Temeraire was the first barbette ship of Royal Navy. The aft casemate section contained 4 254mm guns with broadside ports, and the fwd section had 2 279mm guns with corner ports for ahead fire.

    Temeraire was brig-rigged, sail area was 2320m2. She became the largest brig ever built and carried the largest sails ever carried by RN ship. She was slow under sail but handy, very steady and good seaboat. Iron hull was sheathed with zinc.

Ship protection: The belt was 279mm amidships at waterline, 254mm above and 229mm below, reducing to 152mm fwd and aft, 127mm at the extreme bow and 140mm at the extreme stern.The battery on the main deck had 203mm sides and bulkheads and was divided into two sections by 127mm transverse bulkhead. The fwd barbette was 254mm, the aft barbette 203mm and they were 2.9m deep with 1.1m diameter armoured tubes protecting the hoists between the main and upper decks. The aft magazine was protected from raking fire by 127mm bulkhead between the hold and the lower edge of the belt.

Modernizations: 1884: - 4 x 1 - 95/21; + 6 x 1 - 102/27 BL Mk II/III/IV/V/VI, 4 x 1 - 57/40 Hotchkiss QF Mk I, 10 x 1 - 47/40 Hotchkiss QF Mk I

1889: the rig was reduced to the lower masts with light topmasts and yards

Naval service: Temeraire was relegated to harbour service in 1902, in April 1904 she was converted to TS and renamed Indus II and renamed again Akbar in January 1915. Ship was ultimately sold to BU 26/5/1921.

Temeraire

© Ivan Gogin, 2008-14